Varicose veins can develop when small valves in the veins become weak. These valves usually stop blood flowing backward through the veins, and when they are damaged blood can pool in the veins. This causes twisted and swollen veins that also become very visible. Varicose veins can be noticeable because of their dark blue or purple appearance, they also often bulge out from underneath the skin. Varicose veins are most common on the legs because leg veins must work against gravity. Standing increases pressure on leg veins.
According to the Interventional Radiology & Surgery Department at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, the people most likely to develop varicose veins are:
- people who are overweight or obese
- people who have jobs that require them to sit or stand for many hours, allowing blood to “pool” in the legs or blood flow to slow down
- those with low levels physical activity and a sedentary lifestyle
- people with poor circulation and high levels of inflammation, caused by things like a poor diet, lack of exercise, injuries to the limbs, hormonal imbalances and high amounts of stress
- pregnant women or those who have recently given birth
- teens going through puberty, women on birth control pills or women going through menopause
- people with light skin who have experienced high levels of sun exposure and skin damage
- Exercise: regularly getting exercise is one of the best things you can do to improve blood flow and lower inflammation. The National Heart, Blood and Lung Institute states that sitting (especially with poor posture — like forward head posture — or your legs crossed) or standing for long period of time without moving around much is associated with an increased risk for varicose veins and other forms of blood pooling. The Carolina Vascular Institute recommends preventing varicose veins by performing leg lifts, calf raises, bicycle legs and side lunges to strengthen and stretch the veins around the legs. Low-impact exercises, such as walking, swimming and bicycling, are also ideal for varicose vein sufferers since they alleviate pressure.
2.Elevation: elevate the foot of your mattress by a few inches to keep the blood from pooling in your veins while you sleep. You can also take breaks during the day by elevating your feet.
3. Clothing – try not to wear restricting or tight clothing that disrupts good circulation.
a) Horse Chestnut: is one of the most popular remedies for treating varicose veins naturally, and for good reason! It contains an active chemical known as aescin; a vasoprotective agent that inhibits the enzyme that causes damage to blood vessels. Aescin has astringent qualities that contract, tighten, and shrink blood vessels and works just as well as using a pair of compression stockings. Horse chestnut also thins the blood and increases circulation thereby reducing varicose vein formation. Its diuretic action and anti-inflammatory properties reduce pain and swelling as well.
b) Butcher’s Broom: is an excellent herb to use for improving vein efficiency and helping the body create its own steroids to stimulate vein resiliency. It also tones and smooths the vein walls bringing it back to its original shape and reducing visible spider and varicose veins. It increases circulation and reduces inflammation.
c) Gotu Kola: herb is rich in nutrients and vitamins that can help a person to prevent nerve disorders. Moreover, it works well on the body to keep skin in a healthy state for a long time. It is well-known for its medical properties making a person recover from the symptoms of varicose veins.
d) Read vine leaf: it has been observed that French wine farmers don’t get chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), mainly because they take a red vine leaf extract that contains large amounts of bioflavonoids like quercetin, quercitrin and kaempherol. In fact, a commercial extract (AS 195) of red vine leaf has been available for some time. Knowledge of the medicinal value of red vine leaf dates back to the ancient Romans. Galen, the famous Roman doctor, made extensive use of vine leaf in his treatments, and modern science has authenticated its benefits, especially in the treatment of CVI.
e) Witch Hazel: is great for strengthening blood vessels and reducing the symptoms of varicose veins. Aside from being an astringent, it also contains gallic acid and sessential oils that help reduce the swelling and pain associated with varicose veins.
f) Rutin: firstly, rutin helps to thin blood slightly enhancing circulation in both the major arteries and veins as well as the capillaries of the body. Rutin also helps to strengthen these blood vessels making them less susceptible to damage. Finally, rutin also helps to enhance microcirculation which helps to feed all the skin cells with vital oxygen and nutrients necessary for radiant looking skin.
g) Bioflavonoids: are potent antioxidants and play an important role in protecting the body against free radical damage, which is one of theories of how we age. Two of the best bioflavonoids, hesperidin and rutin, have some intriguing research indicating their abilities to help prevent wrinkle formation, help reduce the appearance of age spots and help fight spider veins. Bioflavonoids such as rutin and hesperidin help to enhance general circulation. By maintaining healthy blood circulation, bioflavonoids may be of great benefit in protecting against many cardiovascular diseases most of which are related to poor circulation. Bioflavonoids, due to their antioxidant property, may also help to protect against eye disorders particularly cataract formation. Due to their anti-inflammatory properties, it is thought that bioflavonoids may be of benefit for allergic rhinitis which is why vitamin C with bioflavonoids are often recommended for hay fever sufferers.